Economic Youth Empowerment

 

About Economic Youth Empowerment

Economic Youth Empowerment (EYE) is a youth-led community-based organisation registered with Mbale District Local Government and Bungokho Mutoto Sub County that envisions communities where youths are at the forefront of developing and transforming their communities through creating sustainable enterprises to eradicate poverty since 2015.

1.0 Abstract

Billions of People Lack Water[1]. Water covers 70% of our planet, and it is easy to think that it will always be plentiful. However, freshwater—the stuff we drink, bathe in, irrigate our farm fields with—is incredibly rare. Only 3% of the world’s water is fresh water, and two-thirds of that is tucked away in frozen glaciers or otherwise unavailable for our use[2].

As a result, some 1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to water, and a total of 2.7 billion find water scarce for at least one month of the year. Inadequate sanitation is also a problem for 2.4 billion people—they are exposed to diseases, such as cholera and typhoid fever, and other water-borne illnesses. Two million people, mostly children, die each year from diarrheal diseases alone.

Waterborne diseases are linked to significant disease burden worldwide. Waterborne diarrhoeal diseases, for example, are responsible for 2 million deaths each year, with the majority occurring in children under 5.Proper household water and sanitation practices can increase resilience to waterborne disease risks. These measures include sanitary sewage disposal, safe water piping materials and storage, and education on hygienic behaviours. Energy-efficient water infrastructure and water conservation measures can also decrease the burden of waterborne diseases[3].

2.0 Statement of Need.

Diseases due to poor drinking-water access, unimproved sanitation, and poor hygiene practices cause 4.0% of all deaths and 5.7% of all disability or ill health in the world. About 80% of urban dwellers have access to piped drinking water and 96% have access to improved drinking water sources. However, often the bacteriological quality of this water remains poor; more than 50% of urban residents in developing countries are still affected at one time or another by diseases related to insufficient access to safe drinking-water and improved sanitation[4].

Safe and readily available water is important for public health, whether it is used for drinking, domestic use, food production or recreational purposes. Improved water supply and sanitation, and better management of water resources, can boost countries’ economic growth and can contribute greatly to poverty reduction.

In 2010, the UN General Assembly explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation. Everyone has the right to sufficient, continuous, safe, acceptable, physically accessible, and affordable water for personal and domestic use.

Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio. Absent, inadequate, or inappropriately managed water and sanitation services expose individuals to preventable health risks. This is particularly the case in health care facilities where both patients and staff are placed at additional risk of infection and disease when water, sanitation, and hygiene services are lacking. Globally, 15% of patients develop an infection during a hospital stay, with the proportion much greater in low-income countries.

Inadequate management of urban, industrial, and agricultural wastewater means the drinking-water of hundreds of millions of people is dangerously contaminated or chemically polluted.

Some 829 000 people are estimated to die each year from diarrhoea as a result of unsafe drinking-water, sanitation, and hand hygiene. Yet diarrhoea is largely preventable, and the deaths of 297 000 children aged under 5 years could be avoided each year if these risk factors were addressed. Where water is not readily available, people may decide handwashing is not a priority, thereby adding to the likelihood of diarrhoea and other diseases[5].

Today, the world braces for the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, there is little to celebrate. The need for good hygiene like handwashing is key to protecting public health and responding to the virus. The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasized this, noting that the provision of safe water, sanitation, and hygienic conditions is essential to protecting health during the COVID-19 outbreak.

But for the 780 million people around the world who lack access to an improved water source and 2.5 billion who lack access to proper sanitation, this guidance is a stark reminder of how vulnerable they are to COVID-19 and other illnesses[6].

Experts say keeping hands clean is one of the easiest and best ways to prevent transmission of the new coronavirus, in addition to social distancing. But for Uganda’s homeless and urban poor who live in thousands of slums across major cities and towns, maintaining good hygiene can be nearly impossible.

In effect, increasing water shortages, intermittency of water supply, poor infrastructural networks to provide quality drinking water and the spatial splintering that characterise many Southern cities present a challenge towards supressing COVID-19 spread. This question is even tougher for the poorer populations who do not only receive erratic water supply but meet their daily water needs through a dynamic patchwork of sources including tankers, standpipes and sachet or packaged water[7].

3.0 Project Activity, Methodology and Outcomes

As Economic Youth Empowerment, we believe that providing communities with tippy taps for use either at each household, shop or place of gathering as well as equipping residents with liquid soap making skills will prepare the communities to fight the COVID-19 pandemic.

The World Health Organization has put in place measures to help curb the prevalence of the Corona Pandemic and amongst the measures is Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water; Maintain social distancing, Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth; Practice respiratory hygiene to mention but a few

 

With the tippy tap technology, the issue COVID 19, cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio that arise from inadequate running water could be solved. The Tippy Tap is used as a device for hand washing that was designed for the area which has no running water.

It is operated by a foot lever and reduces the chances of transfer of pathogens as the user only touches the bar of soap which is suspended by the string. 

Hand washing with the tippy tap method requires only 4o mililiters of water as compared to other methods.

4.0 Evaluation

Through the partnership between Economic Youth Empowerment and local leadership at the community level, we’ll set task forces that will monitor the construction of tippy taps and encourage community members to wash their hands regularly and maintain social distancing

5.0 Budget

Item Quantity Unit Cost   Total Cost
UGX US$   UGX US$
5L Jerry can 500           2,500            0.66            1,000,000  $             263
Ropes 250           2,000            0.53              500,000  $             131
Sticks 250           1,500            0.39              375,000  $                99
Nails 100kg           5,000            1.31              500,000  $             131
Soap (Bar/Liquid) 500liters(liquid soap)           1,000            0.26              500,000  $             131
Protection masks while in the field 10 boxes         20,000            5.26              200,000  $                53
Gloves 10 boxes       20,000            5.26            200,000  $                53
Bar soap 10 boxes     500,000         131.41            500,000  $             131
Banners printing for community sensitization 1000         1,000            0.26         1,000,000  $             263
Field air time 100000     100,000          26.28            100,000  $                26
Youth transport to communities 20     250,000          65.70         5,000,000  $          1,314
Total               9,875,000

 $          2,595

 

Call to Action

With your support, we shall be in position to not only curtail the spread of COVID-19 and other water borne diseases but instill a culture of good sanitation practices amongst our communities and in the long run promoting healthy citizens.

FOR MORE INFORMATION GET US ON Facebook :economicyouthempowermentuganda

For donation call on this numbers +256779831056 Wamalwa Augustine, Nalume Isaac +256770675180 , Bob Oganga +256771609424

OR MAKE DIRECT DONATION ON Economic Youth Empowerment Account ( smart  206205028783001 Pride Microfinance Bank)

 

THANK YOU.

 

OFFICIAL ECONOMIC YOUTH EMPOWERMENT STAMP.

 

[1] https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/water-scarcity

[2] https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/water-scarcity

[3] https://www.who.int/sustainable-development/housing/health-risks/waterborne-disease/en/

[4] https://www.who.int/sustainable-development/cities/health-risks/water-sanitation/en/

[5] https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/drinking-water

[6] https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/03/22/access-water-vital-covid-19-response-0

[7] https://iwa-network.org/covid-19-and-chasing-for-water-water-access-in-poor-urban-spaces/